Thursday, May 31, 2007

How To Withdraw From Iraq

"...In Iraq, the U.S.-led military presence is sanctioned by the United Nations, and has been twice endorsed by the Iraqi people in free elections with massive voter turnouts. Both the U.N. and the elected Iraqi government have the right to demand an end to the Coalition's military presence at any time.

But withdrawal must be considered in light of how these forces serve Iraqi and U.S. interests. The U.S.-led Coalition in Iraq has three key functions:

* To train, equip and combat-test the new Iraqi army and security forces. This task is expected to be largely complete by 2009. The new Iraqi army now has 129 battalions, of which almost half have already been tested in actual combat.

Despite the fact that most NATO allies have failed to meet their quotas for training a new Iraqi officers' corps, the resurgent Iraqi army is beginning to have the minimum of cadres and commanders it needs to function on its own.

* To fight the various terrorist groups still operating in two or three provinces plus some neighborhoods in Baghdad.

Fighting terrorism is a long-term business, however. Egypt needed 22 years to crush its terrorists; Algeria hasn't yet won complete victory against its enemies after 12 years. Crushing terrorism took Turkey nearly two decades, and remnants of the monster are still able to strike occasionally. Thus, the Coalition's withdrawal from Iraq can't be conditioned on a complete and final defeat of the various terrorist forces now operating there. What is important is to have an Iraqi army capable of doing what its Egyptian, Algerian and Turkish counterparts did over many years.

* To deter Iraq's predatory neighbors from intervening in its affairs. This task seldom receives the attention it merits.

The Islamic Republic's ambitions in Iraq are too well known to be detailed here. And it was no accident that Tehran produced Muqtada al-Sadr like a magician' rabbit out of a hat on the eve of U.S.-Iran talks in Baghdad last week. Tehran thinks the Americans will leave Iraq once President Bush is out of the White House, and is determined to take the credit for having "driven the Great Satan" out of the region. It is obvious that Iraq, even if its new army is fully functional, will not be in a position to defend itself against Iranian military pressure combined with terrorism by Tehran-backed armed groups across the board.

But the Islamic Republic is not alone in nurturing dangerous ambitions in Iraq. Turkey, too, is looking for the first opportunity to advance its own agenda - both directly, via military pressure, and indirectly through the Turcoman ethnic minority. Ankara cites the Treaty of Lausanne (1923), which granted Turkey "rights of observation" in Mosul and Kirkuk. In the last decade of Saddam Hussein's rule, Turkey also obtained the right to send troops into northern Iraq, ostensibly in hot pursuit of Kurdish armed rebels. It is obvious that the new Iraqi democracy can't allow Turkey, or any other neighbor, such privileges.

Although less dangerous, if only because they lack the clout, Syria and Jordan also harbor ambitions of their own in Iraq.

Thus, new Iraq would need an allied military presence to deter threats from its neighbors and allow its fragile democracy to strike roots. A similar situation existed in 1950s West Germany, where NATO's presence protected the new democracy and deterred the Soviet threat. The U.S. military presence in South Korea continues to play a similar function in support of the democratic government in Seoul and as a deterrent to Pyongyang's ambitions.

It is not unreasonable to think that the bulk of the U.S.-led Coalition forces could be out of Iraq by the spring of 2009, leaving behind a token military presence designed to deter the schemes of Iraq's dangerous neighbors. The next general election in 2009 will allow the Iraqi people an opportunity to decide whether or not they wish the U.S. and its allies to offer them that help.

The U.S. intervention in Afghanistan and Iraq has created a new status quo that needs to be defended, just as was the case in postwar Europe and the Korean Peninsula.

Iranian-born journalist Amir Taheri is based in Europe.

I can't remember how many times I've said that the situation in Iraq absolutely boggles the mind with regards to how very much has been done in so short a period of time. Not so for the liberals who want all that and a bag of chips, but imagine if a democrat were President. We'd be hearing on a daily basis how marvelous a feat this has been, and the Jurassic Press would be tooting a dems horn long and loud. Relax, America. And when Hillary takes over she can show us how it REALLY should be done so there's a light at the end of this bloody tunnel.

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